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why did the spaniards come to the caribbean

After unsuccessful experiments with growing tobacco, the English colonists tried growing sugarcane in the Caribbean. First, the question asks why Spaniards (or Europeans in general) would want to come to a place like the Caribbean. That region is also known as the Spanish Main. The main ethnic groups are the Sara people in the South and the Nomads in the North. Top subjects are History, Literature, and Social Sciences. That left them with the ability to use their resources for something other than fighting the Muslims. What are the differences between the Roman Empire and the Byzantine Empire? Log in here. They wanted to get rich by finding gold, they wanted to spread Christianity, and they wanted to get glory (the glory of finding new things). Who are the experts?Our certified Educators are real professors, teachers, and scholars who use their academic expertise to tackle your toughest questions. Although Jamaica was discovered in 1494, the first set of Spanish settlers came to Jamaica in 1509. Educators go through a rigorous application process, and every answer they submit is reviewed by our in-house editorial team. It is also positioned in such a way that its sailors were likely to explore the Atlantic rather than the Mediterranean. The Jewish Nation of the Caribbean: the Spanish Portuguese Jewish settlements in the Caribbean and the Guianas Occasionally one comes across a book, which is unexpected, delights and inspires. Sign up now, Latest answer posted March 16, 2012 at 7:53:01 AM, Latest answer posted February 04, 2010 at 7:55:40 AM, Latest answer posted June 06, 2009 at 10:51:40 PM, Latest answer posted October 31, 2020 at 12:45:12 PM, Latest answer posted November 08, 2019 at 1:04:17 AM. 2. In 1493, during his second voyage, Columbus founded Isabela, the first permanent Spanish settlement in the New World, on Hispaniola. The Spanish administrative structure that prevailed for the 132 years of Spanish monopoly in … First, the question asks why Spaniards (or Europeans in general) would want to come to a place like the Caribbean. Columbus had two goals in the Caribbean: to find gold and slaves. Many died in one-sided armed conflict with soldiers and settlers, or in forced servitude in mines and on plantations. The typical answer given for this is “God, gold, and glory.”  The Spaniards wanted to find things to make them rich. . The Spanish missionary Bartolomé de Las Casas’s intervention to prevent the genocide of the Indian population came too late to save the Taino, although it did lead to the introduction of enslaved Africans in the early 16th century, a solution to the Spaniards’ labour problem that Las Casas had suggested. Educators go through a rigorous application process, and every answer they submit is reviewed by our in-house editorial team. Buccaneering had begun on the islands of Tortuga and Hispaniola. g. Several Caribbean countries have stopped celebrating the ‘discovery’ of their land by Columbus. The islands were also important because of how rich the mainland of Spanish America was. Although Christianizing the heathen has long been used as an excuse to eradicate native beliefs, the driving force behind Spain's rapid expansion throughout the Americas was indeed gold, after the early Spanish explorers came upon Incan Civilization with its golden artifacts. Columbus returned home to Spain and came back to the Caribbean with 17 ships and 1,200 men. How did the Crusades increase European interest in trade? What were some similarities and differences between the French and the Spanish colonies in the Americas? The intention was to keep colonists profiting and the colonies viable. The Spanish West Indies or the Spanish Antilles (also known as "Las Antillas Occidentales" or simply "Las Antillas Españolas" in Spanish) were Spanish colonies in the Caribbean.In terms of governance of the Spanish Empire, The Indies was the designation for all its overseas territories and was overseen by the Council of the Indies, founded in 1524 and based in Spain. Spain settled in the Caribbean, as previously noted, early in the 1500's and continued to expand its empire throughout North, South, and Central America. The Spaniards surrendered to the English, freed their slaves and then fled to Cuba. The Spanish came to America to spread the Christian faith and to expand trade. The conquistadors typically came from families ranging from the poor to the lower nobility. eNotes.com will help you with any book or any question. The Spaniards cam to Jamaica in 1494. Columbus first landed on the southeast of the Bahamas Islands called the Lucayos or (Leeward Islets) by the Spanish. Second, the question asks why the Spaniards, rather than some other country, came to the Caribbean. Once the most numerous indigenous people of the Caribbean, the Taino may have numbered one or two million at the time of the Spanish … The Governor in 1702 reported that the total number of inhabitants, that is, Spaniards, did not exceed 60 (probably households). The Spaniards wanted to increase Spain’s power and glory by giving it an empire and they wanted the personal glory of “discovering” new places. For in the beginning the Indians regarded the Spaniards as angels from Heaven. One reason for this is that maritime technology was not as good in previous centuries. They wanted gold and spices and other valuable things. The arrival of Europeans proved disastrous for the people of the Caribbean. The Europeans came to the Caribbean in search of wealth. Long before his arrival, those islands were known as Guanahaní by the native Arawakan-speaking Taino who were the first group to … About the same time, the Crown decided to promote the sugar industry on the Caribbean islands instead of mining. The Netherlands became part of the Spanish Empire in 1517 when a Dutch prince became ruler of Spain. . There are competing theories as to what actually were the main push and pull factors that caused the Tainos to migrate from their original homelands in northern South America. j. Finally, they wanted to bring Christianity to people who did not know God. How were they different? Let us give a brief answer to each. Others died of diseases to which they had no immunity. Finally, the question asks why it was the 16th century when the Spaniards came. Start your 48-hour free trial and unlock all the summaries, Q&A, and analyses you need to get better grades now. Top subjects are History, Science, and Literature. We’ve discounted annual subscriptions by 50% for our End-of-Year sale—Join Now! The natives fared badly. As far as the Antilles, their strategic position was prime for trade, natural resources, the creation of forts, defense, and war strategies. Colombus was leading a Spanish expedition that led the way for much future colonization, especially in the Caribbean region, and both North and South America. More important, perhaps, was the fact that the Spanish had finally expelled the Muslims from Spain by the late 15th century. They came in search of gold. Our summaries and analyses are written by experts, and your questions are answered by real teachers. Who are the experts?Our certified Educators are real professors, teachers, and scholars who use their academic expertise to tackle your toughest questions. The early period of English settlement in Jamaica, drew much attention to the buccaneers based at Port Royal. They wanted to … The natives of the islands are put to work as slaves in the mines. The text is divided into six parts: a background review of archaeology and historiography, the period of colonial encounter, the pre-Colombian migration of village farmers, the Taino (or Arawak) on the eve of the Spanish conquest, the Island Carib of the Lesser Antilles, and finally, three short essays on contemporary Caribbean indigeneity. In the late 1940s and early 1950s, the community had prospered and started to move out of the city centre and in the then newly developed suburb of Woodbrook. The lack of technology would have made long ocean voyages much harder in the past. In Chad there are reported to be 200 different and distinct ethnic groups. Many parts of the Americas soon came to be under the rule of Europeans, resulting in large migrations, exchange of goods, and contagious diseases. Top subjects are History, Literature, and Social Sciences. The resources that were found in the Caribbean were nowhere compared to those found by Hernan Cortez, but the availabilty of three different bodies of water (Caribbean Sea, Pacific Ocean, and Atlantic Ocean) surrounding these islands definitely proved beneficial for the establishment of new trade routes. Controlling the islands in the Caribbean, of course, allowed for a base of operations and helped safeguard Spanish shipments of precious metals back  to the Old World. Lawrence: “European peoples came to the Caribbean, suffered great hardships, invested their money over the centuries, peopled the place with Africans, Indians and … Spain is geographically well-positioned to be a maritime country. And they were important for the other countries that wanted to try to capture the shipments. The Spaniards who came were baptised Roman Catholics. Already a member? Taino, Arawakan-speaking people who at the time of Columbus’s exploration inhabited what are now Cuba, Jamaica, Hispaniola, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands. Spain, under the ruling of the Kings of Castille and Aragon (Fernando and Isabel) was responsible for affronting the money to Cristopher Columbus in the expedition that came to be known as "the discovery of America". Thererafter, when the limited supply of gold is exhausted, the Spanish West Indies survive as part of the broader economy of Spanish America. The history of the Caribbean reveals the significant role the region played in the colonial struggles of the European powers since the 15th century. Start your 48-hour free trial and unlock all the summaries, Q&A, and analyses you need to get better grades now. Are you a teacher? First, the islands came to be used for growing sugar. f. Norms and customs associated with European society and culture prevail in the contemporary Caribbean. We’ve discounted annual subscriptions by 50% for our End-of-Year sale—Join Now! Second, Spain was just lucky. As more settlers came in, there were a few other reasons for settlement. According to the governor there were also about 1,500 native people on the missions and encomiendas (estates with indigenous labour – … By mid-c… The first Spanish colonists in the Caribbean, in the 16th century, have hoped primarily to grow rich by finding gold. So the islands were important for Spain to help defend these shipments (and the mainland itself). Sign up now, Latest answer posted September 11, 2017 at 9:04:24 AM, Latest answer posted February 13, 2012 at 6:44:08 AM, Latest answer posted December 13, 2012 at 6:18:12 PM, Latest answer posted December 04, 2010 at 4:53:55 AM, Latest answer posted September 10, 2016 at 4:32:02 PM. Why is the Battle of Saratoga considered a turning point in the American Revolution. And the Christians, with their horses and swords and pikes began to carry out massacres and strange cruelties against them. The Spanish colonization of America was started by the Spanish conquistadors. The very high-born rarely needed to set off in search of adventure. Columbus and crew met friendly people there – the Taino, an Arawak people who lived across some of the Caribbean. ©2020 eNotes.com, Inc. All Rights Reserved. How were the Indian Ocean routes and Silk routes similar? The Spanish considered region of the Caribbean Islands, from the Isthmus of Panama to the mouth of the Orinoco River, as their own treasure house. Only after the Spaniards had used violence against them, killing, robbing, torturing, did the Indians ever rise up against them. It went through the Caribbean to get there. England, which had been at war with Spain, began to infiltrate Spanish outposts, and actually attempted a small settlement in Central America to counter the Spanish influence there in the late 1500's. Some were German, Greek, Flemish, and so on, but most of them came from Spain, particularly southern and southwestern Spain. The story of the Arawaks, the Caribs and the Spaniards is a well known tale told to every Caribbean child.We all, from the least educated to the most widely read, accept it almost instinctively that there were, before the Europeans landed on these our islands, a peaceful and gentle tribe of Amerindians called the Arawaks who had inhabited the entire Caribbean archipelago. Sadly, much of these were melted down and shipped to Spain. Within 20 years, it is estimated that native population of Hispaniola dropped from one million to 30,000. How Has The Renaissance Influenced Modern Society. Chad is a landlocked country in Africa. h. The ‘Indians’ were regarded as free persons by the Spanish Crown. This meant that the major islands of the Caribbean – the Greater Antilles – were already Spanish possessions when the British began their involvement with the Caribbean in the early 17th century. It was the point of departure for enormous wealth from the 16th to the 18th century. The Spanish had originally looked for gold and silver, but there was little to be found. The Taínos were present throughout the Caribbean islands from approximately 1200 to 1500 A.D., and when Christopher Columbus arrived in the region, the Taínos were the indigenous group he encountered. Conquistadors came from all over Europe. The Dutch in the Caribbean Reasons why they came: - Political 1. i. First Peoples Of The Caribbean. Instead, the Europeans tried growing different crops to be sold back home. Our summaries and analyses are written by experts, and your questions are answered by real teachers. Africans were traded from their home villages to slave masters for goods. The Carib people spoke an Arawakan language. Throughout most of their colonial history, sugar was the main crop of the Caribbean and it made the islands very rich sources of income for the mother countries. When the Spanish (in the form of Columbus's expedition) came to the Caribbean in the late 15th century, they were coming for "gold, God, and glory." In part, this is due to geography. As the 20th century came to a close, Tony Sabga developed his father's small business into one of the foremost conglomerates not merely in Trinidad and Tobago, but in fact in the Caribbean. ©2020 eNotes.com, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Log in here. After the defeat of the Spanish Armada in 1588, England gained and maintained the upper hand as the world's sea power for about 300 years. In 1518 the first African slaves, called ladinos because they had lived in Spain and spoke the Castilian language, were introduced to the Caribbean to help mitigate the labor shortage. There are a number of ways that you could look at this question. The Spaniards settled first on the island of Hispaniola and later moved on to Cuba, Puerto Rico, … Their arrival bought about the introduction of the Roman Catholic faith to the Caribbean and indoctrination of all those who were under their rule. When the Spanish (in the form of Columbus's expedition) came to the Caribbean in the late 15th century, they were coming for "gold, God, and glory." Code Of Hammurabi Laws Compared To Today's Laws. Additionally, the English fleet began to raid Spanish vessels en route to Europe and take their gold. 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Voyage, columbus founded Isabela, the islands of Tortuga and Hispaniola Spanish conquistadors swords pikes. He did on Cuba the Atlantic rather than the Mediterranean who were their! Unlock all the summaries, Q & a, and your questions are answered by real teachers voyage...

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